Oscar Muñoz Morán

Óscar Muñoz Morán is a lecturer in the Department of American Anthropology at the Complutense University of Madrid. He has been guest researcher and/or lecturer at CIESAS Guadalajara (Mexico), Universidad Veracruzana (Mexico), San Antonio Abad University in Cuzco (Peru) and the San Pablo Bolivian Catholic University (Bolivia), among others. He has published Permanencia en el tiempo. Antropología de la historia en la comunidad purépecha de Sevina and coordinated Tiempo, espacio y entidades tutelares. Representaciones del pasado en América. He has undertaken ethnographic research in Mexico and Bolivia, where he is currently interested in the indigenous forms of representing the past and their ontological manifestations.

Research at MEDIOS

In 2006, the Indigenous Peoples’ Radio Network (RPO) was created in Bolivia. Conceived by the then recently elected president Evo Morales as a network of indigenous community radio stations, it aims to transform the country’s traditional radio stations into alternative voices. Eleven years later a polarisation exists between media aligned with the government (among which are RPO) and media that are critical or at least distanced from the official discourse.

This research aims to analyse the discourse and stems from the content of some of this second class of media which, while we cannot call them indigenous, are directed at and listened to mainly by the rural population, speakers of Quechua or Aymara.

The analysis will build on the hypothesis that the decolonising movement set in motion by the government has resonated in some of these media, not so much as a commitment to specific policies, but rather by the adoption of a discourse towards the indigenous population that reproduces certain items committed to ethnic empowerment. In Bolivia as in no other country, decolonisation has become a force for action with a presence in all spheres of society. So a Vice-Ministry of Decolonisation has been created. The Ministry of Communication likewise speaks of “decolonising the media”. To speak of decolonisation is to stigmatise what is indigenous and what is non-indigenous. It therefore establishes a categorisation of the indigeneity of Bolivian society.

I will take Radio ACLO in the administrative departments of Chuquisaca and Potosí as a sample to verify this hypothesis.

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